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Peptides  >  Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase Activating Peptides (PACAPS)  >>  PACAP (1-38), amide, human, ovine, rat

Product Name PACAP (1 - 38), amide, human, ovine, rat
Size 1 mg
Catalog # AS-22520
US$ $313
Purity % Peak Area By HPLC ≥ 95%

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), a member of the vasoactive intestinal peptide/secretin/glucagon family, has an amino acid sequence identity of 68% with vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). PACAP38, derived from a 176-amino acid precursor (preproPACAP), is a 38-amino acid peptide discovered as an ovine hypothalamic neuropeptide. The amino acid sequence of PACAP is identical in all mammals, and in species such as chicken, frog, salmon, only 13 amino acids are different. It is abundant in both the central and peripheral nervous systems and exerts a variety of effects. PACAP in pancreatic islets may play a parasympathetic and sensory neurotransmitter role. PACAP stimulates insulin secretion from islets in a glucose-dependent manner at femtomolar concentrations, acting as an insulinotropic factor. PACAP and VIP are two multifunctional neuropeptides modulating innate and adaptive immunity. VIP/PACAP protect T cells from activation-induced cell death through down-regulation of Fas ligand. PACAP immunoreactivity has been shown in nerve fibers innervating the intrapancreatic ganglia as well as the islets of Langerhans in pancreas. PACAP(1-38) is known to stimulate adenylate cyclase to a much greater extent than VIP.

Detailed Information Datasheet
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Storage -20C
References Ref: Miyata, A. et al. BBRC 173, 1271 (1990).
Molecular Weight 4534.3
(One-Letter Code)
(Three-Letter Code)
H - His - Ser - Asp - Gly - Ile - Phe - Thr - Asp - Ser - Tyr - Ser - Arg - Tyr - Arg - Lys - Gln - Met - Ala - Val - Lys - Lys - Tyr - Leu - Ala - Ala - Val - Leu - Gly - Lys - Arg - Tyr - Lys - Gln - Arg - Val - Lys - Asn - Lys - NH2
Product Citations Roy, A. et al. (2013). Stress peptide PACAP engages multiple signaling pathways within the carotid body to initiate excitatory responses in respiratory and sympathetic chemosensory afferents. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 304, R1070. doi: 10.​1152/​ajpregu.​00465.​2012 .
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